Date of publication: 2017-08-31 23:00
Sometimes the author is an organisation, government agency, association or corporate body. If the name of a group is long and the abbreviation is familiar to readers, cite the full name and provide the abbreviation in brackets in the first instance. Then use the abbreviation in subsequent references.
If an author (or authors listed in the same order) have published two or more works in the same year, use the lower case letters "a", "b", "c" … after the year to distinguish between the works. Letters are assigned according to the alphabetical order of the title.
If each issue of a journal starts with page 6, then include the issue number (in parentheses) after the volume number. It is not necessary to include the issue number if the journal uses continuous pagination.
Dr. Grammar: Online Documentation Resources
James HiDuke, English professor, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA
Links to Overview sites, MLA sites, APA sites, plus other Writer's resources.
Citation Style for Research Papers
B. Davis Schwartz Memorial Library, Long Island University - . Post Campus
Citing sources using APA, Turabian, MLA, Chicago, and AMA styles with colorful examples, literally. Includes examples of Robert Delaney's own style of citing sources.
If the name of a department or agency is long and the abbreviation is familiar to readers, cite the full name and provide the abbreviation in brackets in the first instance. Use the abbreviation in subsequent references.
In the bibliography the secondary sources (headed A&emsp Articles/Books/Reports ) are listed alphabetically according to the surname of the first listed author or the name of the institution if it is the author or, if there is no author, the first word in the title.
An author-date citation in running text or at the end of a block quotation consists of the last (family) name of the author, followed by the year of publication of the work in question. In this context, author may refer not only to one or more authors or an institution but also to one or more editors, translators, or compilers. No punctuation appears between author and date. Abbreviations such as ed. or trans. are omitted.
Translated sources 5665 (vs. 5665 your own translation )
Secondary sources 5665 (sources you found in another source) and 5665 why to avoid them
illustrators and illustrated books
Legal references 5665
The two types of citations, in-text and reference citations, look very different. In-text citations include three items: the last name(s) of the author, the year the source was published, and the page or location of the information. Reference citations include more information such as the name of the author(s), the year the source was published, the title of the source, and the URL or page range.
Include all of the authors the first time you cite the work, but then only the first author followed by 'et al.' for subsequent references to that work.
If possible cite the portion of the edited work that you are using. If not, use Ed./Eds. to indicate editors after the title in the reference list only.
If you want to cite both an original article that has been retracted and its corrected version, create two separate references. Use the format described in this post for the retracted article.
“Well, you’re about to enter the land of the free and the brave. And I don’t know how you got that stamp on your passport. The priest must know someone” (Tóibín, 7559, p. 57).